WaynesboroVillage Record: January 09, 1863
Arrest of Deserters
Summary: It is reported that three deserters from Frederick, Md., were arrested by Constable Herr near Waynesboro last Saturday. After committing several robberies in Frederick county, the deserters took flight but were pursued and eventually captured in Franklin county. Following an examination by Judge Stone, the trio was sent to Chambersburg to be held in that town’s jail. The property that they absconded with–several horses–has been returned to its rightful owners.
Summary: Christian Good, “an aged and highly respected citizen,” died suddenly last Friday. Good was in church attending a funeral when he was struck by apoplexy. He was 79 years old.
Valley Spirit: January 14, 1863
Another Old Citizen Gone
Summary: Dr. Thomas Walker died at his residence last Friday at age 69. He had been a prominent physician in Waynesboro for more than 40 years and was a “useful and influential” citizen.
Waynesboro Village Record: January 16, 1863
Summary: With many wells failing and the water level of streams so low that millers are unable to grind, the article notes that the region is in grip of severe drought.
The Small Pox
Summary: Several “mild” cases of small pox have been reported in Chambersburg, but, as yet, the “loathsome and terrible disease” has failed to make an appearance in Waynesboro.
Waynesboro Village Record: February 06, 1863
Summary: Sam D. Hoover, formerly a resident of Waynesboro, died on the second day of the Battle of Murfreesboro. Origin of Article: Westminister Sentinel
Summary: Lieut. John E. Walker, member of the 77th Regiment, P. V., returned to Waynesboro after suffering a wound to his knee during the Battle of Murfreesboro. Walker, who joined the army at the outbreak of the conflict, participated in Shiloh, Corinth, and a number of other battles prior to his injury.
Summary: It is reported that the members of the Anderson Cavalry who refused to fight in the Battle of Murfreesboro remain confined and it is uncertain what “punishment awaits them.” Although Gen. Rosecrans had offered amnesty to all who would return to duty, “the entire 477 bluntly refused.”
Waynesboro Village Record: February 13, 1863
The Small Pox
Summary: Announces that the outbreak of small pox in Waynesboro appears to be subsiding.
Waynesboro Village Record: February 20, 1863
Summary: A story on a woman named Mary Owens who joined the army with her husband. Under the assumed name of John Evans, Owens passed herself off as a man and enlisted in Montour county, Pennsylvania. During her eighteen month tenure, Owens took part in three battles and was wounded twice before her husband was killed. Origin of Article: Altona Register
Full Text of Article:
A Correspondent of the Atlanta Register, writing from BroadtopCity, Huntingdon county, says he had the pleasure of meeting at a place called Dudley, a woman named Mary Owens, who had just returned from the army, in full uniform. This remarkable woman accompanied her husband to the army, and fought by his side until he fell. She was in the service eighteen months, and took part in three battles, and was wounded twice; first in the face above the right eye, and then in her arm, which required her to be taken to the hospital, where she confessed the deception. She had enlisted in Danville, Montour county, Pennsylvania, under the name of John Evans, and gives as her reason for this romantic undertaking, the fact that her father was uncompromising in his hostility to her marriage with Mr. Owens, threatening violence in case she disobeyed his commands; whereupon having been secretly married, she donned the United States uniform, enlisted in the same company with her husband, endured all the hardships of the camp, the dangers of the battlefield, saw her husband fall dead by her side, and is now wounded and a widow. Mrs. Owens looks young, is rather pretty, and is the heroine of the neighborhood. She is of Welsh parentage.
On The Choice Of A Wife
Summary: A homily on the importance of choosing a good wife.
Full Text of Article:
Go my son, said the Eastern sage to Talmore, go forth to the world, be wise in the pursuit of knowledge–be wise in the accumulation of riches–be wise in the choice of friends; yet little will avail thee, if thou choosest not wisely the wife of thy bosom.
A wife! what a sacred name–what a responsible office? She must be the unspotted sanctuary to which wearied man may flee from the crimes or the world, and feel that no sin dare enter there. A wife? She must be the guardian angel of his footsteps, on earth, and guide them to Heaven; so firm in virtue that should he for a moment waver, she can yield him support, and replace him upon his firm foundation: so happy in conscious innocence, that when from the perplexities of the world he turns to his home, he may never find a frown where he sought a smile. Such, my son, thou seekest in a wife–and reflect well ere thou choosest.
Open not thy bosom to the trifler; repose not thy head on the breast that nurseth envy and folly and vanity. Hope not for obedience where the passions are untamed; and expect not honor from her who honoreth not the God who made her.
Though thy place be next to the throne of princes and the countenance of loyalty, beam upon thee–though thy riches be as the pearls of Omar, and thy name honored from the East to the West, little will avail thee if darkness and disappointment, and strife be in thine own habitation. There must be passed thine hours in solitude and sickness–and there must thou die. Reflect then, my son, ere thou choosest, and look well to her ways whom thou wouldst love; for though thou be wise in other things–little will it avail thee if thou choosest not wisely the wife of thy bosom.
Summary: After a furlough of several weeks in Waynesboro, Capt. W. W. Walker returned to his regiment yesterday.
Summary: Last Friday, Lieut. Ford, of the Provost Battalion, died at McConnelsburg from injuries he suffered several weeks earlier while pursuing a deserter named John Forney.
Summary: It is reported that the controversy involving the Anderson Troops has been rectified. One regiment has been released from confinement and has returned to duty. An agreement was reached with the soldiers, granting them the right to select their own officers. Additionally, they have been given new assignments: body guards for General Rosecrans
Waynesboro Village Record: March 06, 1863
Summary: An announcement that Capt. John E. Walker, of Co. A, 77th Regiment, P. V., has returned to his unit. Walker had been in Waynesboro on furlough while recovering from wounds he suffered at the Battle of Murfreesboro.
Another Soldier Deceased
Summary: A report that Benjamin Snowberger, son of David Snowberger, died last Saturday of Typhoid Fever. Snowberger, a member of the Co. G, 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, was confined at CampSimmons, Harrisburg, for ten days before being sent home, where he “lingered” for nineteen weeks until his death.
Summary: Last Saturday, Samuel Wade, of Co. A, 77th Regiment P. V., was shot near Buena Vista Springs while trying to escape from the Provost Guard, who had arrested him earlier. Though serious, the piece relates, Wade’s wounds are not life threatening.
What is to be Done with Northern Traitors
Summary: The editorial argues that northern traitors should be relentlessly denounced; resorting to violence to deal with them “would only silence and not cure the rascals of their villainies.”
The Income Tax
Summary: In response to readers’ concerns about the details of the new income tax law, the article seeks to mollify their apprehension by explaining the legislation’s key provisions.
Waynesboro Village Record: March 27, 1863
Summary: Last Sunday, a valuable horse belonging to John Funk was stolen from the shed in Kurtz’s Hotel yard. A second horse was stolen from John Welty on Tuesday as well.
Summary: On two occasions last week, reports the article, rebel sympathizers met after dark on the streets of Waynesboro to celebrate Jeff Davis, Stonewall Jackson, and the Southern Confederacy. “The ‘copperheads,'” it notes, “are evidently growing more bold.”
“Only Poor Men To Be Drafted”
Summary: Countering “tory” allegations that the Union army is only drafting poor men, the piece argues that the conscription policy, which sets the limit for substitution at $300, “is actually for the benefit of the poorer classes.”
Full Text of Article:
“Only Poor Men to be Drafted..”–The frequent allegations of the tory press throughout Pennsylvania, whose positions upon the question of Union or Disunion are perhaps not yet fully determined, that the conscription law compels only poor men to enter the army are ridiculous. It will be seen by reading the clause in relation to substitutes, that the fine provided for exemption is not fixed at any particular sum, but shall not exceed three hundred dollars. The drafted man is allowed to procure his own substitute, at any price he may agree upon, or, if he prefers, the Government will provide one for him at a price not exceeding $300. Did not the law contain this limitation, the price of substitutes would in all probability range much higher than that sum. The rich, being able to pay, would bid high, while the poor would be unable to pay the price to which over-bidding would raise the substitute market. Thus, instead of being an oppressive provision, the $300 restriction is actually for the benefit of the poorer classes. The provision under which the Government undertakes to furnish substitutes for a sum not to exceed $300, is in fact one of the best features of the bill.
Waynesboro Village Record: April 03, 1863
Summary: A message from the editors announcing that the current issue ends the sixteenth volume of the Village Record. The focus of the piece is on the newspaper’s claim to political impartiality, which, they admit, has been called into question lately by local copperheads.
Full Text of Article:
Volume Closed–This number closes the sixteenth volume of the Village Record, twelve years having elapsed since the establishment passed into our hands. It affords us no little gratification to be able to say that through our own efforts and the influence of friends the office at this time enjoys a degree of patronage fully equal to the past, notwithstanding the united efforts of “copperheads” for the last eighteen months to cripple our business. With this end in view they have resorted to all manner of falsehood and misrepresentation, and in some instances have succeeded in getting well-meaning men to proscribe us. These cases have been rare however, most of those withdrawing being active sympathizers with treason. Of course the paper would prove obnoxious to this class, some of which have paid us, whilst others more consistent with their general character for meanness than the former, have swindled us out of their arrearages. One argument which these “copperheads” have been using against us is that we publish a political paper. It is a high crime in their estimation for a paper neutral in politics to denounce traitors of the Vallandigham stripe North, and thus advocate the cause of the Union and true democracy. They call this partiality, abuse of the democratic party, etc. If a paragraph has ever appeared in these columns casting improper reflections upon the loyal democracy of the North we are not aware of it. Such a paragraph we defy the chief among Jeff Davis’ admirers here to produce. The paper will be continued as heretofore–“Neutral in Politics and Religion”–but when it comes to treason and those who sympathize with it, we purpose putting in where we can the “best licks in the shop.” Neutrality between political parties and neutrality between loyalty and disloyalty, according to our way of thinking, is quite different. Our respect for a democrat and his opinion is the same now that it ever was, and those who seek to undermine our business as above stated make a sham of the term “Democracy” to more effectually aid the cause of treason, and at the same time escape if possible the odious appellation of TRAITOR.
To those patrons who have responded to our appeal by promptly settling their accounts many of them paying their subscription in advance, we acknowledge our indebtedness, and hope to be able to merit their continued patronage and influence. We have concluded to continue the paper at its present size without increase of price, although we now pay two dollars for paper instead of one dollar, the price paid three months ago. We therefore appeal to those yet in arrears to call and settle their accounts. It will be impossible for us to contend with present prices successfully, with the lying “copperheads” resorting to every means in their power [section illegible].
Summary: Capt. L.B. Kurtz, of Co. G 17th Cavalry, has returned to his regiment after spending several days with his family while on leave.
Summary: Col. McKibben, of the 158th Penn. Infantry, was “disabled” after his horse fell on his leg in an accident. McKibben has returned to Philadelphia to recover, and Lt. Col. E. S. Troxel, of Waynesboro, has assumed his command in New Bern, N. C., where the 158th is currently stationed.
A Soldier’s Remains
Summary: The remains of Orderly Sergt. Samuel D. Hoover, of Co. A. 13th Reg. Ohio Vol., were interred in the burying ground attached to the German Reformed Church last Sunday. Hoover was killed in the Battle of Murfreesboro in December.
Summary: A report that Lieut. D. S. Gordon, 2nd U. S. Cavalry, formerly of Waynesboro, has been named to the Staff of Maj. General Schenck as Acting Assisting Adjunct General.
Valley Spirit: April 8, 1863
Summary: John H. Laker of QuincyTownship, while driving his wagon over the “Waynesboro Cut” across the railroad tracks, was hit by the afternoon train from Hagerstown last Saturday. He and his horse escaped without harm, but his wagon was destroyed. A public meeting held shortly thereafter in Quincy resolved to petition the legislature to pass a law forcing the railroad company to bridge the cut.
Summary: The writer notes the name of Lieut. D. S. Gordon, 2nd U. S. Cavalry, formerly of Waynesboro, as listed among the staff of Major General Schneck.
Waynesboro Village Record: April 14, 1863
Copperheads And Future History
Summary: History, promises the editors, will not look kindly upon northerners who were sympathetic to the Confederate cause. Like the Tories who supported the British during the War of Independence, they are on the wrong side of history; yet, the editors concede, at least the Tories could account for their behavior by claiming to have “the apology of retaining” their “original loyalty.”
Full Text of Article:
When this rebellion shall have been suppressed–and it cannot last long at longest–every actor in it will receive honor or dishonor. Every American, high or low, is an actor in it. He can’t escape it if he would for neutrality is in itself defection and disloyalty. It will be known and remembered how every man bore himself in this crisis of the nation’s life–every man from ocean to ocean. With men in general it will not be written on the page of history; but it will be written on a tablet yet more distinct, the living memory. Ten, twenty, thirty, fifty years hence it will be inquired about, and it will be known how every American who was on the stage in the Great Rebellion then acted, whether he took sides for or against the Government; and every man, woman and child in the country will understand it. The honor and dishonor of it will cleave not only to the individual himself, but to his children.
There are those living who remember the odium which, after the Revolution, clung to every Tory to his latest breath. No intellectual accomplishment, nor any moral worth could exempt them from it. But more than that, it was transmitted to his children and his children’s children. Even to this day the American whose ancestor at that time was known as a Tory, hears of it with burning shame. Similar contempt was entailed upon the blue-light Federalists of the last war. So far as regards the private character of its members, the Hartford Convention of 1814 was probably equal to any political assembly ever held in this country; but after the war closed every man of them to his dying day was held in dishonor. He could no more obtain a public office than if he had been positively disqualified by law. The ban of public opinion was upon him. Though it was very clearly shown in subsequent years that the majority of the Convention had no such treasonable intentions as imputed to it, yet it is enough that it was a peace assemblage calculated to embarrass the Government. To this day the Hartford Convention is a by-word and reproach. There were Federalists who did not approve of the Convention, and yet even they do not fully escape. It is still everywhere a reproach to have been at that time an opponent of the Administration at all.
What hath been will be–only in greater measure. The revolutionary Tory at least had the apology of retaining his original loyalty. The peace Federalists of the last war acted against the Government only in its external relations, and the peace they sought involved no vital injury to the nation itself. But the copperhead of the present day proves false to all loyalty, and is recreant in a sense which the Tory was not. He is traitorous, too, in a sense in which the last war Federalists was not; for his peace policy inevitably carries with it the disruption and destruction of the Republic, while the other peace policy would not have affected the unity and perpetuity of the Republic at all. There has been in American history no public treachery so unqualified, and so utterly incapable of extenuation, as that of the Copperhead of ’63; and which was followed with such a terrible reckoning as will be hereafter exacted for this.
So far as regards the judgement of the next generation, a man of the present day had better commit almost any crime in the calendar, than be guilty of furthering the ends of the rebellion by advocating peace, or in any other manner. He might better leave his children without a dollar than entail upon them the scandal of a father who turned against his country in the day of her extremity.
Waynesboro Village Record: May 08, 1863
Summary: The following is the result of the recent borough election: Chief Burgess, Jacob R. Welsh; Councilmen, David Hahn, L. K. Morrison, Joseph W. Miller, Joseph Bender, and George Harbaugh; High Constable, Pius D. Zindorff.
Thieves About Again
Summary: Last Friday, thieves broke into the office of the Snow Hill Society and stole thirty loaves of bread and large quantities of sugar, butter, and apple butter. The next day, Jacob Hess’s smoke house was burgled, it is presumed by the same party; the thieves escaped with all of his bacon, eight hams and a number of shoulders.
Another Soldier Deceased
Summary: News has arrived that Amos Snowberger, son of David Snowberger, of Quincy township, died on April 18th in New Bern, N. C. Snowberger, a private in the Co. E. 158th Regiment Penna. Infantry, was the second son in his family to die while serving his country.
Death of Young Shockey
Summary: On May 3rd, William Shockey, of Co. G. 17th Penna. Cavalry, died near Aqua Creek Landing, Va. of typhoid fever. The soldier’s remains were brought to Waynesboro on Tuesday and interred the following day on the burial ground on Mr. Hoover’s farm, near Ringold.
Summary: George Eyster, of Chambersburg, was named Provost Marshall for Franklin county’s Congressional District. According to the Conscription Law drafted the year before, Eyster will be responsible for overseeing the draft, should one be necessary, and the arrest of all deserters.
Summary: Dr. Luther M. Miller, of Welsh Run, died last Tuesday of pulmonary disease, from which he had been suffering for the past couple years. Prior to his death, Miller was in the care of Thomas Bowles. Origin of Article: Pilot
Seven Negroes Burned To Death
Summary: Last Sunday seven blacks–one man, one woman, and five children–were killed in a blaze that destroyed Joseph Sprigg’s stable, where the victims were living. The fire, says the article, was deliberately set.
Summary: A letter to David Snowberger from Capt. Barnitz detailing the last moments of his son’s death. Amos Snowberger died suddenly in New Bern from the effects of disease.
Trailer: William T. Barnitz
Waynesboro Village Record: May 22, 1863
Summary: Though they have been both vilified and valorized throughout history, women, notes the article, are “average human beings,” who have “made themselves effectual elements in the ordering of human affairs.” No man, it concludes, has ever succeeded without the support of a good woman.
Full Text of Article:
From the earliest ages to the present time women have been alternately worshiped as “angels” and reviled as “cats” and “serpents”–according as they have behaved to their adorers and detractors. Women puzzled King Solomon and perplexed St. Paul. Messages to his female converts testify to the difficulty some of them caused him. In our day, however, our schoolboy seems to think he can solve all the difficulties of the woman question–their natural tendencies, possibilities and prospects in this life. Woman, instead of being, as heretofore, the rock on which wise men have split, are now become little more than the blocks which fools try to cut with their razors, while waiting for their beards to grow. What women have been, we know pretty well–average human beings, on the whole doing their duties as well as they know how, nurturing the qualities of their husbands, their sons or their brothers. They have made themselves effectual elements in the ordering of human affairs. There is no instance where a man has become a great leader, either as general, statesman or religious reformer, who had not some woman living at the root of his inner life, fostering his ideas and his aims–with whom he has taken counsel–out of whose thoughts he has derived nutriment for his own thoughts–who has helped him, and believed in him, and advised him; and stuck to him, when the whole world seemed against him. Women do not often achieve greatness for themselves, but they are at the bottom of all that is good and the most of what is bad, in the world.
Valley Spirit: May 27, 1863
The Reception of the 126th Regiment
Summary: The editors describe and praise the ceremonies celebrating the return of the 126th Reg’t Penn. Volunteers to FranklinCounty.
Full Text of Article:
Last Saturday was a grand gala-day for Chambersburg–a day of happiness and rejoicing and good cheer. Early in the week, persons from a distance came to town, in the expectation that our brave boys of the 126th Regiment would reach home by that time; and most of them remained until the close of the week, though it was ascertained on Thursday that they would not arrive until Saturday. Early on the morning of the latter day, the people from the country began pouring into town from every direction. The Hotels were soon filled to overflowing, and their yards and the neighboring streets lined with vehicles of every description. And then the towns-people began to run out their flags and close their places of business, as the Court House bell announced that the train was on its way from Harrisburg, bringing home the loved ones whose coming had been so anxiously awaited. It was soon manifest that the people–men, women and children–fathers, mothers, wives, sisters, brothers and friends–were resolved to give the returning volunteers such a reception as they deserved–independent of politics and the small politicians. At the third ringing of the bell, which was the signal that the train had reached Shippensburg, the crowd wended its way towards the Depot, w[h]ere every available space was soon filled. About half-past ten, the bell on the Catholic church announced that the train had turned the curve three miles from town, and then the excitement became intense. The train halted at “the intersection;” and the procession, consisting of the Provost Guard, the cadets of the Academy, under command of Mr. Kinney, thirty-four little girls dressed in white and bearing the national colors, representing the States of the Union, a carriage containing Colonel Elder, and another with Judges Chambers and Nill, received the volunteers, who were under command of Lieut. Col. Rowe, on Broad Street. The procession moved up Second Street to Market, out East Market to “the point,” in East Queen to Second, up Second to Catharine, down Catharine to Main, down Main to the Diamond, out West Market to New England Hill, and then countermarched to the Diamond, where the address of welcome was delivered by Rev. S.J. Niccolls. Along the route the pavements were thronged with spectators, and dainty little flags and cambric fluttered from every window as the procession passed-beauty doing honor to valor. After the address and some music by the Band and the little girls, the soldiers were invited to partake of a collation in the Hall, prepared by the ladies of the town. The Hall was beautifully decorated with evergreen and flowers; the walls were adorned with the national colors and many such inscriptions as: “Welcome to our brave defenders, “Tyler’s brave boys,” “Welcome 126th,” “Honor to the brave,” &c., &c. There were seven long tables, running the entire length of the Hall, and these tables groaned under a profusion of all the substantials and delicacies the country could afford. A noted feature in the procession was the band wagon containing a number of the wounded in the late battles.
After the collation, Companies B. C. E. and K. again took the cars for their respective home, Greencastle, Waynesboro and Mercersburg, where similar receptions awaited them.
The day passed off very peaceably and quietly. We believe we have seldom or never seen such a large crowd in town, with so little drunkenness, rowdyism or disdurbance [sic]. The returned soldiers, to a man, conducted themselves in a manner that comported with the honorable name they have won; and despite the predictions of rowdyism, indulged in by some of their professed friends, they proved that under their bearded and sun burnt faces there was still to be found that high sense of justice, honor and manliness, which always characterizes the American citizen soldier.
Waynesboro Village Record: May 29, 1863
The Hog Law
Summary: The editors praise the decision made by Waynesboro’s High Constable to enforce the hog law. Already, they declare, several arrests have been made.
Dinner for the Soldiers
Summary: Informs readers that the dinner for the returning members of the Co. E. 126th Regiment P. V. will be held at the Grove on George Jacobs’s farm.
Summary: Discharged members of Co. E. 126th arrived back in town on Saturday evening causing quite a stir. Led by Capt. William Askwith, a delegation from Waynesboro met the soldiers near Greencastle and escorted them the rest of the way. Addresses were given by Rev. Dr. Dorsey and Rev. Kester to mark the occasion.
Another Horse Stolen
Summary: Once again, says the article, John Funk had his horse stolen from the stable yard of Kurtz’s Hotel. It is widely accepted that the thieves are men who live in-town or nearby.
Waynesboro Village Record: June 05, 1863
Summary: The piece alerts women to the fact that, contrary to what they might believe, men want their women to be pious. Men, it maintains, know that “human nature connects a religious feeling with softness and sensibility of heart.”
Full Text of Article:
FEMALE CHARACTER.–Ladies are greatly deceived when they think that they recommend themselves to the other sex by an indifference to religion. Every man who knows human nature, connects a religious feeling with softness and sensibility of heart. At least we always consider the want of it a proof of that masculine spirit, which of all your faults, we dislike the most. Beside, men consider your religion as the best security for that female virtue in which they are most sensibly interested. Never indulge yourselves in ridicule on religious subjects, nor give countenance to it in others by seeming diverted with what they say. This, to people of good understanding, will be a sufficient check.
Let a woman be decked with all the embellishments of art and the gifts of nature, yet, if boldness is to be read in her face, it blots all the lines of beauty. Modesty is not only an ornament, but also a guard to virtue. It is a delicate feeling in the soul, which makes her shrink and withdraw herself from the appearance of danger. It is an exquisite sensibility, that warns her to shun the approach of everything brutal
Summary: The article proudly notes Lieut. D. S. Gordon’s promotion to captain. Gordon, a member of the 2nd Regiment Regular Cavalry, is attached to the Staff of Maj. Gen. Schneck. He is former resident of the town.
Summary: Lieut. George W. Walker has accepted an appointment to serve as the enrollment officer for Washington township. Prior to his new position, Walker was an officer in Co. E, whose members spoke of him in the “highest terms.”
The Coming Draft
Summary: The article lays out the provisions contained within the instructions issued to the Provost Marshals relative to the draft, including the stipulation subjecting all males, black or white, to military duty.
Summary: The Provost Marshall appointed the following men as Franklin county’s enrollment officers: Jacob Shook, Antrim township; Lewis Heck, Chambersburg; R. P. Hazlet, South Ward; Harrison Witherow, Fannet township; John Spidle, Greene; George H. Cook, Guilford; Jonas Palmer, Hamilton; William S. Keefer, Letterkenny; Morrow R. Skinner, Lurgan; John Wolff, Metal; Re. Parker McFarland; Montgomery; Benjamin C. Dawney, Peters; William Fleagle, Quincy; James Montgomery, St. Thomas; David Spencer, Southampton; John Zimmerman, Warren; George W. Walker, Washington.
Summary: Late Saturday night, says the article, a number of “copperheads” congregated around the public square to voice their support of Jeff Davis and Vallandigham, who, it appears, has become their “pet.”
Summary: The editors express their belief that an early peace will only be achieved through a “hearty prosecution of the war” and “a vindication of law.” Anyone who says otherwise is a “dishonest demagogue.”
Full Text of Article:
Every individual who desires an early peace should give the administration a hearty support in the prosecution of the war. There is only one way to peace, and that is by a suppression of the rebellion and a vindication of law. He who represents otherwise, either deceives himself or is a dishonest demagogue. The men who seek to embarrass the administration unquestionably prolong the war, cause a sacrifice of life, make more drafting necessary, and endanger the free institutions of the country. In this great conflict we must either attain peace by subduing the rebels or allowing them to triumph, and see ourselves cast upon a sea of anarchy, to be drifted about on that sea without chart or rudder.
Waynesboro Village Record: June 12, 1863
Summary: According to the article, it is quite easy to determine the motives underlying copperheads’ support for the Confederacy: naked self-interest. Proponents of the southern cause in New York advocate “peace at any cost” because they “lost the Southern trade” as a consequence of the war. Similarly, supporters of the rebel cause in Illinois are spurred primarily by the drop in the price of corn occasioned by the onset of the conflict. These malcontents, the article declares, would rather “break up the nation” than sacrifice their own personal economic interests.
Summary: The article notes the appearance of a new copperhead journal in Philadelphia, the Age. The new publication expresses sentiments so treasonable, says the piece, that a man would have to be a “bold, bonified traitor” to endorse such opinions.
For Clerk of the Courts
Summary: It is reported that local Union men have convinced W. H. Brotherton to run for clerk of the Courts, a decision praised by the editors of the Village Record.
Summary: A. K. McClure has purchased the Repository and Transcript and the Dispatch, and plans to merge the two newspapers together. McClure and H. S. Stoner will join forces to pursue the new enterprise.
Summary: Ridicules the Valley Spirit for describing Vallandigham as a “Patriot,” and asserts that the local Democratic organ would no doubt label Jeff Davis the same.
Death of a Soldier
Summary: Jeremiah Shockey, member of Co. I 106th Reg. Illinois Volunteers, died at Boliver, Ky, on May 24th. Shockey, a former resident of Waynesboro, was 32 years old.
Copperhead Love of Free Speech
Summary: To highlight the copperheads’ hypocrisy regarding free speech, the piece relates the story of a elderly gentleman who was heckled and ultimately dragged from the stage at a copperhead meeting in New York because he asserted that South Carolina started the war.
Editorial Comment: “On Monday evening of last week, the Copperheads of New York city, held a meeting to denounce the arrest of Vallandigham and to assert the right of free speech. An old gentlemen was introduced on the platform, who said:”
The Coming Draft
Summary: Dispels the rumor circulating that drafted men will not have to serve longer than 9 months from the date of enlistment. According to the 11th section of the Enrollment Act, the article declares, all men conscripted into the military shall remain in the service during the war, but not longer than three years.
Important About the Prospective Draft
Summary: The Provost Marshall will begin conscripting soldiers immediately, though he will not call on nine-months men for the first draft. Those men who fall into that category and opt to volunteer, it is said, will be paid a large bounty.
Franklin Repository: July 8, 1863
Invasion Of Pennsylvania!
Summary: The Repository provides a detailed account of the Rebel General Jenkins’s first invasion and occupation of Chambersburg, which began on June 17. It reports that Jenkins prevented much damage, but “robbed” stores (paying with “bogus money”–Confederate scrip) of most goods. His men took arms and horses as contraband of war. Many horses and most of the black population escaped to the mountains. The Repository calculated $300,000 in property damage.
Full Text of Article:
Jenkins’ Rebel Guerillas on a Raid!
A Full Week in FranklinCo.!
The Whole Southern Line Plundered!
$300,000 of Property Stolen!
New York First to the Rescue!
FranklinCounty has had a full week of rebel guerilla rule, and is now, in the Southern portion, plundered of all horses and cattle, excepting the few successfully secreted in the mountains.
Rebels Snub the Copperheads.
A very [illegible] of our citizens exhibited the craven [illegible] the genuine Copperhead; but Jenkins and his men, in no instance, treated them with [illegible] courtesy. That they made use of some such creatures to obtain information can [illegible] be doubted; but they spurned all attempts [illegible] claim their respect because of professed [illegible] with their cause. To one who [illegible] to make fair weather with Jenkins [illegible] professions of sympathy with the [illegible], he answered–“Well, if you believe we are right, take your gun and join our ranks!” It is needless to say that the cowardly [illegible] did not obey. To another he said– “[illegible] we had such men as you in the South, we would hang them!” They say, on all occasions, that there are but two modes of peace–disunion or subjugation–and they stoutly deny that the latter is possible. Lieut. Reilly had [illegible] returned from West Point the day the rebels reached here, and of his presence and [illegible] they were minutely advised, for [illegible] called at the house and compelled his sister to go with them into every room to search for him. Gen. Jenkins also had the fullest information of the movements of the Editor of this paper. He told at our own house, [illegible] had left, the direction we had gone, [illegible] described the horse we rode, and added that there were people in Chambersburg sufficiently cowardly and treacherous to give such information of their neighbors. When it was suggested that such people should be sent within the rebel lines, he insisted that the South should not be made a Botany Bay for Northern scoundrels.
Negroes Taken South.
Quite a number of Negroes, free and slave–men, women and children–were captured by Jenkins and started South to be sold into bondage. Many escaped in various ways, and the people of Greencastle captured the guard of one negro [illegible] in and discharged the negroes; but, perhaps a full fifty were got off to slavery. One negro effected his escape by shooting and seriously wounding his rebel guard. He forced the gun from the rebel and fired, wounding [illegible] in the head, and then skedaddled. Some of the men were bound with ropes, and the children were mounted in front or behind the rebels on their horses. By great exertions of several citizens some of the negroes were discharged.
The Southern Border Plundered.
The southern border of this county has been literally plundered of everything in the stock line, excepting such as could be secreted. But it was difficult to secrete stock, as the rebels spent a full week in the county, and leisurely hunted out horses and cattle without molestation. The citizens were unable to protect themselves, and owing to the [illegible] of promptness of [illegible] citizens elsewhere [illegible] respond to the call for troops, aid could [illegible] be had. We have [illegible] sufficient data to estimate the loss sustained by the county; but it cannot fall short of a quarter of a million of dollars. It is a fearful blow to our people, coming as it does in the throngest [sic] season of the year, and many croppers, who had little else than their stock, have been rendered almost if not entirely bankrupt by the raid. If the people of Pennsylvania will not fight to protect the State from invasion, the sufferers have a right to claim compensation from the common treasury of the State. The State professes to protect its citizens in the enjoyment of all their rights, and there is no justice in withholding the common tribute from individual sufferers. Among the many unfortunate, perhaps the greatest sufferer, is ex-Sheriff Taylor, from whom the rebels captured a drove of fat cattle in Fulton county. His loss is some $7,000.
The rebels seemed omnipresent according to reports. They were on several occasions since their departure from this place just about to re-enter it, and the panic-stricken made a corresponding exit at the other side. On Thursday the 18th, they were reported within two miles of here, in large force, and a general skedaddle took place; and again on Sunday, the 21st, they were reported coming with reinforcements. A few ran off, but most of our people, knowing that there was a military force to fall back upon between this and Scotland, shouldered their guns and fell into ranks to give battle.–Prominent among these were noticed Rev. Mr. Niccolls, whose people missed a sermon in his determination to pop a few rebels.
Arrival of New York Troops.
On Sunday, 28th, the 8th New York Militia arrived here, having marched from Shippensburg, and they were received with the wildest enthusiasm. Considering that they are on our border in advance of any Pennsylvania regiments, they merit, as they will receive, the lasting gratitude of every man in the Border.
The Venerable Greys.
The old men of the town organized a company, headed by Hon. George Chambers, for the defence of the town. None were admitted under forty-five. On Monday every man capable of bearing arms had his gun and was in some organization to resist the rebels.
Summary: The Repository reports general news about conventions and nominations, including the nomination of the banished traitor Vallandigham for governor in Ohio.
Address By Rev. Samuel J. Niccolls
Summary: In his speech, Rev. Niccolls honors the regiment, not for their participation in recent battles and slaughter, but for their sacrifices in defending their country. He expresses gratitude that so many of the soldiers came back alive. This joy is mingled with grief for those who did not return. Niccolls hopes that the state will some day soon be unified and at peace again.
Editorial Comment: “Delivered at Chambersburg, May 28d, 1863, before the 126th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers.”
The Income Tax
Summary: Details an important decision by the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue, including the definition of residence, income, losses, and deductions.
Summary: Fanny Fern reminds readers of the heroism of soldiers’ wives and the hardships they face.
A Southern Boast
Summary: The Nashville Union mocks the Richmond Whig’s boast of the abilities of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson.
Origin of Article: NashvilleUnion
Description of Page: The page includes articles on Tread Power, making quality butter, precautions against the weather, and good haymaking.
A Word To Farmers
Summary: The author urges farmers to exchange advice on agricultural improvement through the press, thus bringing “incalculable advantages” to the entire community.
The Franklin Repository
Summary: Alex K. McClure and Henry S. Stoner are the new editors and proprietors of the Franklin Repository. The article provides descriptions of the paper and its news contacts. The Franklin Repository asserts its dedication to the “positive and unconditional re-union of the States” and its support of the administrations of President Abraham Lincoln and Governor Curtin.
The Victory At Gettysburg
Summary: The Repository provides a brief and general description of the battle at Gettysburg, and especially discusses the retreat of the rebels. The author praises General Meade, who had received the command only three days before the battle.
Summary: The Democratic State Convention met on June 17 and nominated Hon. George W. Woodward for Governor, and Hon. Walter H. Lowrie for Supreme Judge. The author complains that the Convention made no mention of defending Pennsylvania from the occupying rebels.
Summary: The Repository expresses gratitude to New York’s 8th and 71st regiments, which helped in the battle in Pennsylvania, and New York’s 7th, which bolstered forces in Baltimore.
Summary: Reports that pages 2, 3, 6, and 7 were printed three weeks ago, but publication was suspended for two weeks due to the occupation by the rebels of Chambersburg.
Summary: Explains that the Dispatch and Repository have merged into a single paper, and that Dispatch subscribers will now receive the Repository.
A Great Victory!
Summary: Details the battle at Gettysburg, including dispatches from Gen. Meade. The accounts include Gen. Lee’s attempt to call a temporary truce to bury the dead and exchange prisoners, and also praise for the brave (and wounded) Gen. Hancock.
Summary: On June 11, at the home of Capt. J. Sprecher near Chambersburg, by the Rev. J. Dickson, James Cress, M. S., of Gettysburg, married Margaret R. Durboraw, daughter of Mr. Durboraw, Esq., of AdamsCounty.
Summary: On June 4, in the Central Presbyterian church, of Baltimore, Maryland, by the Rev. Joseph T. Smith, D.D., William Kennedy, Esq., of Chambersburg, married Ellen A. Culbertson, of Baltimore, Maryland.
Summary: On June 16, by the Rev. H. Heckerman, J. Henry Hutton, of Chambersburg, married Emma J. Taylor, daughter of the late Judge Taylor, of Bedford, Pennsylvania.
Summary: On June 9, at the Lutheran parsonage, by Rev. J. Steck, John M. Forney, of Strasburg, married Margaret A. Frank, of Chambersburg.
Summary: On June 10, by Rev. J. Steck, Jacob R. Lightcat married Lydia S. Houser, both of Chambersburg.
Summary: On June 7, in Chambersburg, at the residence of her grandsons, Messrs. T. and S. A. Cook, Sarah Jeffrey died at age 87.
Summary: On June 9, at the home of his mother, in Chambersburg, Edward L. Smith died at age 36 years, 7 months, and 9 days.
Summary: On June 11, in GreenTownship, Easter Freet, wife of Christian Freet, died at age 54 years, 8 months, and 27 days.
Summary: On June 19, George Goettmann, died at age 25 years, 9 months, and 2 days.
Summary: On May 26, after a pulmonary illness, George Peakle, of Little Cove, FranklinCounty, died in his 64th year.
Summary: On June 3, in Delavan, Tazewell County, Illinois, Laura N. McDowell, daughter of William McDowell, formerly of FranklinCounty, died in her 26th year.
Death Of A Venerable Lady
Summary: Announces the death of Sarah Jeffries on July 7 in Chambersburg at the age 87.
Our Drafted Men
Summary: The editors have received the address of Brig. Gen. Spinola who is in charge of the 158th Pa. Vols., which is made up of men from Franklin and surrounding counties. The General praises the behavior of his forces. The paper praises Col. McKibbin and the 158th.
Return Of Mr. Helser And Son
Summary: Announces the return of Solomon Helser and his son, who were arrested and banished from FranklinCounty (perhaps the Union).
Full Text of Article:
–We learn that Mr. Solomon Helser and his son, who were arrested some weeks ago in this place, and by Gen. Schenck sent to Gen. Milroy with orders to send them beyond our lines, have been allowed to return, and are now at home, and have taken the oath of allegiance to the government. It is not publicly known on what specific charges the Helsers were arrested, but we understand that, when with Gen. Milroy, they received a suspension of the sentence of banishment until they could have an opportunity to rebut the charges preferred against them. As they have since been discharged, we infer that the evidence produced either acquitted them, or mitigated the offences materially, and they are entitled to the benefit of a charitable judgment. Mr. Helser should so demean himself now that there may be no question about his loyalty. There can be no neutrals in this war. Neutrality is impossible–indifference criminal.
Summary: Notes the promotion of Sergeant Peter Cummings to 2nd Lieutenant–he was recruited from this region to General Campbell’s regiment in Battery A and fought in numerous battles.
The United States Hotel
Summary: David H. Hutchinson, formerly of Franklin, is a partner in the recent purchase of the United States Hotel in Harrisburg.
Summary: Maj. John M. Pomeroy, formerly of Franklin, is in charge of War claims against either the state or national government, and is located in Philadelphia.
A Public Dinner
Summary: A dinner was given to returned nine months’ soldiers in Waynesboro, where the Revs. Dr. Dorsey, Krebs and Kester, and Col. Rowe and I. H. McCauley, Esq., gave addresses.
Mr. George Trostle
Summary: George Trostle, father of Daniel Trostle of Chambersburg, died in AdamsCounty, at the age of nearly 88.
Summary: Lieut. D. S. Gordon, 2d Regular Cavalry, late of WashingtonTownship, has been promoted to a Captaincy and attached to the staff of Gen Schenck. His promotion was “well earned by gallant service in the field.”
Valley Spirit: July 8, 1863
New York First in the Field
Summary: The editors note that Gov. Seymour of New York, upon hearing of the invasion of Pennsylvania, telegraphed Governor Curtain and promised him 15 regiments in defense of the state and soon had 14 under marching orders. This should disprove, claim the editors, any accusations by abolitionists that impugned the loyalty of a “copperhead” such as Seymour.
Summary: The town celebrated the Fourth of July as best it could, raising the flag on a makeshift flagpole, “extemporized for the occasion.” William I. Cook read the Declaration of Independence; “able, patriotic and eloquent” speeches were given by Hon. George W. Brewer, W. S. Stenger and W. S. Everett, Esqs., and Reverends Forney and Dixon.
Summary: The editors are “pained to see” among the list of wounded from the battles at Gettysburg the names of Lieut. Col. J. McThomson, Captain Jacob V. Gish, and Lieutenants Carman and Myers, all of the 107th Reg’t Penn. Volunteers.
Summary: Absalom Shetter, a farmer residing half a mile east of Chambersburg, hung himself in his orchard early on Sunday morning. The Confederates had made off with his stock and grain, and he had gone insane as a result. An inquest was conducted by Esquire Hamman, who returned a verdict of death by hanging.
Full Text of Article:
Early on Sunday morning last, Mr. Absalom Shetter residing half a mile east of town, committed suicide by hanging. The rebels had carried away all his stock and grain, and his mind became totally impaired. He was found hanging in the orchard, whither he had wandered during the night. As soon as he was discovered, an inquest was summoned by Esquire Hamman, who returned a verdict of death by hanging.
Summary: Sergeant Peter Cummins has been promoted, for “gallant and meritorious conduct,” to the 2nd Lieutenancy of Battery B, 1st Penn. Artillery. Sgt. Cummins has been with the battery since its organization, and has participated in most of the battles in Eastern Virginia (Drainsville, Mechanicsville, Malvern Hill, Bull Run, SouthMountain, Antietam and Fredericksburg). Since the death of “the lamented Easton,” the battery has been under the command of 1st Lieut. William Stitt.
“The Keystone Brigade”
Summary: The editors publish the address of General Spinola upon taking leave of the “Keystone Brigade,” made up entirely of drafted men from Pennsylvania, which is highly complimentary to the men. The 158th Reg’t Penn. Militia, raised and organized in FranklinCounty, is part of this brigade, and is presently stationed in Washington, North Carolina.
Valley Spirit: July 15, 1863
Summary: The writer challenges the Republican argument that attacks on the administration are tantamount to attacks on the government. If the Democrats had applied the same standard when they were in power, particularly under Buchanan’s administration, Republicans would have been as freely arrested as Democrats are now.
Origin of Article: Patriot and Union
Proceedings of the Democratic State Convention
Summary: A summary of the activities of the Democratic State Convention held in Harrisburg on June 17. George W. Woodward was nominated for Governor on the ninth ballot, while Walter H. Lowrie was nominated for Chief Judge by acclimation. A number of resolutions were also passed, pledging the Democrats of Pennsylvania to a war policy of “The Constitution as it is, and the Union as it was” and condemning, among other things, the deportation of Vallandigham from Ohio.
What is Franklin County Doing?
Summary: The editors call for a reorganization of the 126th Regiment to defend the town from future attacks.
Full Text of Article:
Why are not some measures taken to reorganize the 126th regiment, or to get up some other efficient organization, for State defense? Do the people of Franklin county intend to do absolutely nothing for the protection of their property and the defense of their homes? While New York and New Jersey and other portions of our own State are sending men to our relief, shall Franklin county have the disgrace of not furnishing a single full company for the emergency? Young men of Chambersburg, you who talk so bravely and boast so of your loyalty and patriotism, when no danger is nigh, does it not make your cheeks tingle with very shame, when you see regiment after regiment marching through your streets to protect your homes, while you yourselves have not the patriotism or the courage to shoulder your muskets? Let us hear no more of your braggart “rally round the flag, boys!” if you fail to be equal to the demands of the present crisis. Does your valor and patriotism go no farther than singing patriotic songs through the streets at midnight? If so you had better let your heroic virtues remain unsung. It is true, the enemy came upon us so suddenly, nothing could be done before their arrival. But now nothing stands in the way, and although the worst of the crisis may be past, let the young men of the county at least show their willingness to respond to the call, and save their credit.
Summary: The editors urge that a permanent militia be organized in each state. If there had been such a body to throw against Lee, they claim, he could have been easily defeated. The present system of raising troops is inadequate, and something new must be done to prevent further invasions.
The Democratic Nominees
Summary: The editors discuss the two candidates nominated by the State Democratic Convention. Hon. George W. Woodward was not originally a nominee for the position, but his name was put in as the “unusual interest and anxiety” over the nomination produced a series of deadlocked ballots. Woodward was a framer of the current State Constitution, and was the first Democratic nominee for Supreme Court when the office was made elective. His decisions, along with Chief Justice Lowrie, who was renominated for election, are among the most cited from the bench. It is fitting, say the editors, that he be nominated as a man of law to help safeguard civil liberties before they are “irrevocably swept away.”
Summary: The writer argues that attempting to defeat the Confederates who are fighting to save slavery by abolishing slavery makes no sense.
Origin of Article: Louisville Democrat
Summary: District Attorney W. S. Stenger writes to deny reports in the Lancaster Express that he had tried to shake hands with the Confederate commander Jenkins during the raid, only to be rebuffed by Jenkins. He also goes on to defend Franklin County Democrats of charges of welcoming the Confederates.
Summary: The editors report on the movement of troops, both Confederate and Union, through FranklinCounty in the aftermath of Gettysburg. Several cavalry engagements took place in the vicinity of Funkstown and Boonsboro. Union commanders are now stationed in Chambersburg.
Full Text of Article:
As we stated last week, the rebel army commenced its retreat from Gettysburg, on Friday night, the 3rd, inst. by way of Millerstown, Monterey, Waynesboro, Lictersburg and Funkstown Maryland. Their line, during the greater portion of last week, extended from Leitersburg, through Hagerstown to the Potomac beyond Williamsport. Several severe cavalry engagements occurred, in the vicinity of Funkstown and Boonsboro, between Buford and Kilipatrick, on our side, and Stewart’s Jenkin’s rebel forces, on Wednesday and Thursday, in which the rebel forces were driven back with heavy loss. On Saturday last, Sedgewick attacked Longstreet near Hagerstown, and drove him several miles. On Sunday the greater portion of the rebel army was massed near Williamsport, no doubt with the intention of crossing the river at that point. Accounts disagree as to whether there is a pontoon bridge at Williamsport, but the general impression seems to be that one was constructed there last week, previous to which the rebels had been sending over their wounded on one or two old scows.
The army of the Potomac has been lying from Boonsboro towards Harper’s Ferry. A considerable force is now lying near Waynesboro while on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, a large force of Pennsylvania and New York militia passed through the town for the seat of war.
Gen. Couch and staff arrived on Friday, and Gen. Dana on Sunday, Gen. Couch has command of all the forces in this vicinity. The Gen, was seranaded [sic] at the FranklinHotel on Friday evening, and in response made a very brief and appropriate speech.
Summary: The editors note that some of the militia from New York who came to defend FranklinCounty have been behaving badly. Their actions included an assault on Captain Doebler on the grounds that he was a coward, which extended into a general melee.
Full Text of Article:
We are pained to record the fact that some of the militia, who so nobly came to the rescue of Southern Pennsylvania, have been behaving very badly. On Thursday evening last, a disgraceful riot occur[r]ed in the diamond, which for a while threatened to be of a serious character. Some members of one of the New York regiments, getting into a discussion with Captain Doebler, who is still suffering from the wound received at Fredericksburg, called the Captain “a d–d coward.” The Captain replied by striking the fellow over the head with his cain. The “muss” then became general, and several citizens who interfered to protect the Captain in his disabled condition, were roughly handled. Some of them were chased through the streets by the infuriated crowd, armed with pistols, sabres, guns and bayonets, with cries of “shoot them!” “hang them!” “kill them!” The disgraceful scene was brought to a close by the interference of several officers; and although some blood was spliled [sic], we are happy to record the fact that no one was seriously injured. As we have such an institution as a provost marshal here now, we hope measure will be taken to prevent any such outbreaks in the future.
Serenade to General Couch
Summary: General Couch, headquartered in the FranklinHotel, was serenaded in his quarters on Friday by the Chambersburg Brass Band. The General responded with a short speech promising to drive the enemy from the border. He was followed by Col. McReynolds of New York and Major McVey, of Chester County, Pennsylvania. The editors criticize McVey’s speech as partisan, and he apparently imputed the bravery of the community.
Summary: A number of citizens left Chambersburg last week for Hagerstown, thinking that there would be a battle here. The Confederates captured a number of them and sent them to Richmond on the grounds that they were spies. Among the captured were Dr. James Hamilton, L. W. Tritle and George Kauffman (several other names are listed but are obscured by a tear in the paper).
Summary: A doctor in Chambersburg (whose name is obscured by a rip in the paper) has been appointed Assistant Surgeon and assigned to the 20th Regiment State Militia.
Brave Cavalry Dash
Summary: The editors relate the capture of a party of Confederate cavalry in Greencastle by a squad of Federal cavalry.
Dirt and Filth
Summary: The editors report that the streets of the town need a good cleaning after their occupation by the Confederates.
Full Text of Article:
The rebels left us a large inheritance of dirt and filth, on their departure from this place. They had taken possession of the Court House and Franklin Hall, and left dirt to the depth of one or two inches on their floors. They had quartered some of their horses and troops in the streets and on our pavements, and the stench they left behind was almost unbearable. Lime was liberally sprinkled around, and the heavy rains of the last few days have partially restored our wonted state of cleanliness. It would not be a bad idea to have the streets scraped as soon as practicable.
Summary: The editors report an anecdote that when a Confederate requested of a female resident an axe with which to cut down the liberty pole in the Diamond, she refused, even when the soldier threatened her with his pistol. That woman, note the editors, “is one of the most ‘malignant copperheads’ in town.”
An Act of Vandalism
Summary: During the Confederate occupation, several Confederate soldiers broke into the Columbus Lodge of Odd Fellows, cut to pieces the regalia, and “mutilated everything they could lay their hands upon.”
Card of Thanks
Summary: The members of Company C of the “First Coal” or 4th Regiment Pennsylvania Militia write to thank Mrs. Maria Eyster of Chambersburg for the breakfast she furnished them, free of charge.
Summary: During an altercation Thursday evening between two members of the 1st NY Cavalry, one of the combatants was stabbed and died almost immediately. Dr. Richards was called in but found the man dying when he arrived. The other party was arrested by military authorities.
Summary: The 56th Reg’t NY Guards were presented with a “magnificent stand of colors” by several gentlemen connected with the Brooklyn Navy Yard, who came to Chambersburg for expressly that purpose.
Summary: The telegraph between Chambersburg and Loudon has been reconstructed, under the supervision of W. Blair Gilmore. Communication with Pittsburgh was established last Saturday. Work is also being done on the line between Chambersburg and Carlisle, “so that during the present week we will again be in telegraphic communication with the civilized world.”
Summary: General Couch appointed Lieutenant Palmer Provost Marshal for the area. The editors have confidence that “he will do his utmost to preserve peace and order in the community.”
Summary: Wilhelm Appel, son of Barbara and Johannes Appel, died on July 11 near Grindstone Hill, aged 1 year, 7 months and 8 days.
Summary: By order from the Dept. of the Susquehanna, all U.S. Government property captured from the Confederates now in the hands of private citizens is to be turned in to the Provost Marshal.
Franklin Repository: September 2, 1863
Summary: Notes the death of a rebel prisoner, Jas. W. Henderson, of consumption in the Waynesboro hospital. Henderson was buried at the M. E. Church by Rev. Dorsey. He claimed loyalty to the Union on the argument that he was forced into rebel service. Origin of Article: The Waynesboro Record
Summary: Reports the theft of several horses from Daniel Senger, Jacob Zentmyer, and Jacob Newcomer, all of Waynesboro. The article announces the formation of an association to protect citizens from horse theft.
Summary: Warns against “persons representing themselves as having authority to search for captured horses.”
Mr. Joseph Snouffer
Summary: “Mr. Joseph Snouffer, of Waynesboro, whose arrest we announced last week, has been sent from Gettysburg to FortM’Henry.”
Franklin Repository: September 30, 1863
The Difficulty At Waynesboro
Summary: Includes a letter by B. M. Morrow, Major 1st Battalion 22nd Cavalry, that responds to accusations that he and other soldiers disrupted a Union meeting in Waynesboro previously reported in the Repository. The editors accuse Morrow of being intoxicated.
Full Text of Article:
Headquarters 1st Battalion 22d Pa. Cav.,
Camp near Waynesboro, Sept. 24, 1863.
Editors of the Franklin Repository: Seeing an article in your paper to which I deem it my duty to reply, I hope you will give me space in your columns to make an explanation. On the evening of September 21st, I returned to this place late in the evening from Greencastle, where I had been all day on duty. On my arrival, I found in progress a political meeting, and having at present no voice politically–not having the right of suffrage–I deemed it prudent not to attend. After having my horse cared for, I, accompanied by a gentleman of the town, walked to the further end of town, where we remained some time, and returned to the hotel. I supposed at that time the meeting was almost over. I stepped into the parlor of the hotel and found quite an agreeable company of ladies and gentlemen with whom I was enjoying myself, until a gentleman came in and told me there was a difficulty between some of my men and the citizens, which was the first intimation I had of any soldiers being in the town. I immediately started to the door to enforce my authority as an officer with the soldiers. My reception when arriving at the door was–“He is a traitor,” and was struck by two or three persons. At the same time I ordered every soldier to leave the town, and then asked for the person or persons who struck me. No one appearing willing to say who it was, I then found every thing quiet, when I mounted my horse and rode out of town. Now, these are facts that I am prepared to prove at any moment; and I feel confident that you, as gentlemen, will make the necessary correction. It may be necessary to say, as I have since learned, the cheers for M’Clellan were given at the suggestion of some ladies who were in conversation with the soldiers at the time. I do not think their intention was to interrupt or annoy any one–it was done hastily and without thought.
As for the term of Copperhead applied to me. I care not, as my attachment to the army for more than two years will give the lie to that.
I merely ask to explain, as my character as an officer and a soldier has been brought before the public, and there is nothing a true soldier prizes so high as his character as a soldier and a gentleman.
Hoping you will give this a place in your column, I am gentlemen,
Your obedient servant,
Major 1st Battalion 22d Cavalry.
We give Maj. Morrow the benefit of his statement in our column, and if we had before doubted his complicity in the disturbances at the Waynesboro’ meeting, his own awkward evasions must settle his guilt, either by direct effort or by tolerating disorder on the part of his command.
On one point we are constrained to deny the correctness of Maj. Morow’s statement. He did not behave in the quiet, orderly manner he represents. He was intoxicated, as a multitude of most reputable witnesses have testified over their own signatures, and indulged in the most profane and ungentlemanly language to and of the Union men participating in the meeting; and members of his command, who were intoxicated, openly declared that the Major was on a spree and they would do as they pleased. If he had been sober and meant to do his duty, he would not only have ordered the men of his command out of town, as he alleges he did; but his self-respect as an officer, if not his regard for the peace of the town, would have made him enforce the order. He either did not give such an order, or he permitted his command to defy it insolently, for they did not leave town. On the contrary, they remained until the Union meeting was broken up, all the time creating disorder by yelling for “Jolly,” “Woodward” and “McClellan,” and committed numerous outrageous acts of violence upon citizens. The President of the Union meeting was cut in the neck with a knife, and narrowly escaped a mortal wound, and others were treated with like brutality. And when the Union meeting closed, the soldiers called for Jolly and huzzaed [sic] for Woodward and McClellan, and finally did get one of Maj. Morrow’s command to make a regular copperhead speech. Where was the sensitive Maj. Morrow, who as he says, “prizes nothing so high as his character,” when all these disgraceful scenes were transpiring? Does he falsify about having ordered his men out of town, or was he too drunk, too copperheadish or too cowardly to enforce it? One or the other he must plead guilty to, and either stamps him as utterly unfitted to have a command of any kind. The sooner he is dismissed the service the sooner will the honor and dignity of the profession be vindicated.
Maj. Morrow has a right to be a Democrat and a Woodward or a McClellan man, or anything else he pleases; and he has a right to attend Union or Democratic meetings when such attendance does not conflict with his military duties; but we insist that he has no right to get drunk and let his men loose and get drunk with him, solely for the purpose of interfering with a political meeting of any kind. That he should be a violent copperhead when drunk, is most natural, for a drunken officer is the most brutal and degraded of all men, and if there be a latent spark of the traitor in him, it will crop out as surely as the sparks fly upward. We kindly advise the Major to leave the service at the earliest possible period. He can resign by stating the truth–that his “character as a soldier and a gentleman” is impaired by occasional intoxication and fits of hostility to Union men, and he will doubtless be taken at his word. Once free, he could redeem something of his manhood by going openly into the rebel ranks, or he may play the part of a cowardly copperhead at home, as the latter seems to be “constitutional” according to modern Democratic construction. One thing, however, he cannot and shall not do–that is interrupt Union meetings and the sooner he learns this lesson the better!
A Word To Women
Summary: The editors urge women to influence their men to vote for the Union ticket.
Full Text of Article:
The loyal women in every community have exerted a vast influence in sustaining the war and the government. Let them remember that in no way can they better uphold their country at this hour than by influencing votes for Curtin and against Woodward. They can influence fathers, husbands and sons. To the young women we would say, that if after trying all their persuasive eloquence on their suitors they prove to be incorrigible Copperheads, give them the mitten at once. Don’t waste a smile on a fellow who refuses either by bullet or ballot to help put down the rebellion. Make these bucks face the Union music square, or go under! The sick and wounded soldiers everywhere bless our noble women. They will bestow upon them additional blessings if they aid in electing the soldiers’ truest friend, Andrew G. Curtin.
Summary: Mentions the horrible death of Alexander Clugston, a mute, who while working for Jacob Frey was mangled by a threshing machine.
Franklin Repository: November 25, 1863
Summary: T. J. Filbert, a Tailor in Waynesboro, had his place robbed of cloth last Sunday night.
Summary: Reports that George Jacobs was elected president of the First National Bank of Waynesboro with John Phillips as cashier.
Franklin Repository: December 16, 1863
Summary: Announces the appointment of E. S. Troxel, of Waynesboro, as Recruiting Agent for the 16th Congressional District.
Resources: Valley of the Shadow, Newspaper Archives