Touring the Morning Phase of the Battle of Fox’s Gap

The morning phase of the Fox’s Gap Battlefield is in private ownership. I ask that any who is interested in touring this area of the battlefield contact me in order to give you this tour.

southmountain 114.jpg
The Loop Road and the near the position of the 5th Virginia Cavalry. 

During the morning hours of September 14th, as Garland’s Brigade of North Carolina Infantry made it’s way past the Daniel Wise cabin, situated on Ridge Road (Parts of Lambs Knoll Road follows the original Ridge Road), they were unaware that two guns of Stuart’s Horse Artillery and the 5th Virginia Cavalry were posted in this area. The photo shows where Loop Road came out onto Ridge Road, and where the cavalry was positioned. Rosser’s 5th Virginia Cavalry and Pelham’s two guns were driven back by the 11th Ohio Infantry, who was in support of the 23rd Ohio Infantry.

southmountain 078.jpg
Where contact is made.

This field shows where the 5th North Carolina Infantry was positioned. The trees in the center of the photograph was where they deployed. Upon seeing the 23rd Ohio emerge from the hillside (far tower), the 5th North Carolina marched across the fields and was driven back.

This is field where the 5th North Carolina came in contact with the 23rd Ohio. The 23rd Ohio came under heavy fire where their Lt. Colonel, future President Rutherford B. Hayes was wounded. Organizing his regiment, he was taken off the field. The 23rd Ohio Infantry pushed the 5th North Carolina back when the 12th North Carolina to their left was ordered to their support. The 5th North Carolina as well as those from the 12th North Carolina retreated westward off of South Mountain.

southmountain 080.jpg
Bondurant’s Field, looking at the position of the Jeff Davis Artillery

 

This is the field where Captain James Bondurant’s Alabama Battery was positioned. Behind them along the stonewalls of the tree line was where the 12th North Carolina was positioned. The artillerists watched from this field as the 5th North Carolina marched into a fire storm.

After the Jeff Davis Alabama Artillery pulled out, the field to their left was occupied by the 23rd North Carolina. The photograph above shows from their position where the 12th Ohio Infantry made their attack. The 23rd held it’s ground until bayonets were used and the 23rd Ohio Infantry attacked their right flank.

southmountain 091.jpg
The Stonewalls, very close to the North Carolina Monument. 

The 20th North Carolina took to the stonewalls pictured in this photograph. The 30th Ohio, under the command of Colonel Hugh Ewing heard firing to their left and soon the domino effect occurred when a tide of Confederate soldiers appeared to their front.

The 36th Ohio from Colonel George Crook’s 2nd Brigade arrived on the field in support of the Union troops already in place. They broke off in order to support the 12th Ohio, moving in the direction of the 20th North Carolina. The 20th North Carolina resisted until the 36th Ohio got on both of their flanks. The firing was at close range and soon bayonets were once again being used.

southmountain 099.jpg
Crome’s Field. Notice Middletown in the distance. 

In this field in the far corner, Crome’s two guns got into position to shell the Confederate lines. As soon as they got into position the cannoneers were being picked off by Confederate bullets from the 20th North Carolina. As soon as the third round of canister was fired, Lieutenant Crome was the only person left standing. Lt. Crome himself was wounded in the breast and his guns fell silent.

A section of the 1st Kentucky Artillery consisting of two 20 pound Parrot Rifles were put in place at the southeast corner of Wise’s Southfield. The 36th Ohio supported by the 28th Ohio halted near the wood line that once dotted the landscape.

The 13th North Carolina charged the Federal line pushing them back, and it was at this time that two North Carolina regiments from General George B. Anderson’s Brigade arrived on the field. They hunkered down in the sunken road to meet the Federal onslaught. By then the morning phase for Fox’s Gap began to die down as men were exhausted and getting low on ammunition.

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Touring the Morning Phase of the Battle of Fox’s Gap

  1. Jim Rosebrock September 23, 2010 / 10:14 pm

    Great stuff John.I walked down the road a couple of weekends ago but did not venture off as all of the woods were posted. Your pictures help me understand the fighting there. ThanksJim

  2. By John A. Miller September 24, 2010 / 11:31 am

    Thank you Jim. That is the hardest area to interpret because it lies on private property. The guy who owns it has given me his permission to take tours onto his property. When you have a few minutes and would like a tour contact me at the battlefield and I would be more than happy to make arrangements to take you back there.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s