Known Union Casualties during the Battle of Monterey Pass

5th Michigan Cavalry
Brennan, William Company B Killed Jul 4, 1863
Hill, Phillip H. Company E Killed Jul 4, 1863
Shrontz, Mortimer I. Company M Killed Jul 5, 1863

1st Michigan Cavalry
McElheny, James S. Company M Killed Jul 4, 1863
Martin, Davis Company C, Killed Jul 4, 1863
Sitts, Charles Company L, Killed Jul 4, 1863

1st U.S. Artillery
Woodruff, George A., Killed Jul 4, 1863

1st West Virginia Cavalry
Brickler, Samuel (Bricker)Company D, Killed Jul 4, 1863
Clark, Henry W. Company I, Killed Jul 5, 1863

1st Vermont Cavalry
Villemaer, John, Company A, killed Jul 4, 1863

Total Killed 10
Total Wounded 10
Total Missing 28
Grand total for Union Troops 48


Total Known Confederate Casualties During the Battle of Monterey Pass July 4-5, 1863

Amherst Artillery All captured at Waterloo
1. Lieutenant Ambrose R Woodroof
2. Sergeant W. Rucker
3. Private George T. Bennett
4. Private William J. Bethel
5. Private Moses W. Butterworth
6. Private James T. Campbell
7. Private Elisha W. Harris
8. Private John W. Manley
9. Private Henry Motely
10. Private Thomas D. Smoot
11. Private John L. Williams
12. Private Chesley D. Williams
13. Private William H. Woody

Albemarle Artillery Captured at Waterloo
1. Private Tarleton S. Woodson

1st Rockbridge Artillery All captured at Waterloo
1. Lieutenant William Morton Brown
2. Quartermaster Sergeant Jonathan D. Moore
3. Private Samuel Alexander Wilson
4. Private James A. Ford
5. Private Michael J. Emmett
6. Private Fitz Allen Conner
7. Private James A. Conner
8. Private William Lewis Ginger
9. Private Alexander Harris
10. Private Bollinger Harris
11. Private Samuel Lindsey Mateer
12. Private George H. nicely
13. Private Samuel A. Paxton
14. Private Robert A. Pleasants
15. Private Daniel J. Trevey

Fluvanna Artillery All captured at Waterloo
1. Blacksmith Gideon R. Rilee
2. Private John Blackwell
3. Private Thorton R. Cauthorn
4. Private Bob Filer – Escaped
5. Private Robert J. Herndon
6. Private John R. Payne
7. Private William H. Shipp
8. Private James E. Smith
9. Private John M. Smith
10. Private Joseph H. Taylor
11. Private Henry D. Willis
12. 5 Black Servants & Black Cooks taken prisoner by Union forces

1st Company Richmond Howitzer All captured at Waterloo
1. Private George Booker
2. Private Somerville Gray
3. Private Henry Kepler
4. Private George W. McNamee
5. Private Charles Poindexter
6. Private William P. Smith
7. Private William Pritchard Smith
8. Private Richard C. Wortham

2nd Company Richmond Howitzers All captured at Waterloo
1. Sergeant Mahlon Terrell
2. Private John Hines
3. Private Theodore Lewis
4. Private Joseph H. Maxey
5. Private Joseph G. Williams
6. Private Samuel Watkins

3rd Company Richmond Howitzers All captured at Waterloo
1. Private Andrew Jackson Andrews
2. Private Patrick Cardwell
3. Private Patrick O’Conner
4. Private Samuel Liggon
5. Private James Vandeventer

Powhaton Artillery All Captured at Waterloo
1. 1st Sergeant John A. Scott
2. Corporal William W. Bragg
3. Corporal Spencer M. Ligon
4. Corporal Benjamin R. Smith
5. Artificer Reuben Taylor
6. Private Edward C. Archer
7. Private Samuel B. Bowles
8. Private Thomas H. Gordon
9. Private Littleberry W. Jenkins
10. Private William Lee Patterson
11. Private Christopher Swann
12. Private John Vest
13. Private William E. Walthall
14. Private S. Wheeler
15. Private James Overton Winston

Salem Flying Battery All Captured at Waterloo
1. Quartermaster Sergeant Marcellus F. White
2. Artificer Jacob Anderson
3. Private John M. Anderson
4. Private John W. Anderson
5. Private James A. Beemer
6. Private Thomas J. Landon
7. Private Showers L. Price

Milledge’s Georgia Battery Captured at Waterloo
1. Private William J. Turner

Courtney Artillery Captured near Waterloo
1. Private Marcellus Claiborne Bass
2. Private Thomas H. Haskins

Jeff Davis Artillery Captured near Waterloo
1. Private John R. Busby
2. Private George M. Champion
3. Private James M. Powell
4. Private William T. Wade
5. Artificer James C. Gate
6. Artificer John J. Howell
7. Artificer John J. Humphries
8. Artificer Charles G. Kuhne

Morris Artillery
1. Private William J. Chapman
2. Private James W. Eddleton
3. Private Marcellus C. Lowry
4. Private Zephaniah R. Roach
5. Private Thomas L. Scott
6. Private William H. Thancker
7. Private Joseph M. White

Orange Artillery
1. Private Edward C. Ballard
2. Private John Albert Bates
3. Private Benjamin Floyd Campell
4. Private Caleb Newman

King William Artillery
1. Private Benjamin H. Beadles
2. Private John Busby
3. Private Samuel D. Hicks
4. Private James Hilliard
5. Private Thomas MaCartney
6. Private Mason L. Mahanes
7. Private William A. Prince
8. Private John H. Tuck

11th Virginia Cavalry
1. Private John B. Fenton Company I
2. George W. Simpson (Not Captured) Company G – Had Horse killed near Fairfield

10th Virginia Cavalry
1. Col. J. Lucius Davis

6th Virginia Cavalry – Company I
1. Private Jesse N. Bledsoe

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company A
1. 2nd Lieutenant James Marshall Wall
2. 1st Sergeant Clement L. Richardson
3. Private Joseph Pinkney Jarman
4. Private Daniel D. McLaurin
5. Private James W. Myers
6. Private Alfred A. Redfearn
7. Private William Redfearn

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company B
1. Sergeant Henry C. Richmond
2. Private Thomas E. Boney
3. Private Thomas E. Boswell
4. Private David Y. Bradsher
5. Private Wilson Bradsher
6. Private James C. Brandon
7. Private Thompson A. Brincefield
8. Private William T. Burke
9. Private James M. Chandler
10. Private James B. Dickie
11. Private Lorenzo L. Fullington
12. Private Lewis F. Glidewell
13. Private John L. Haymes
14. Private William J. Hensley
15. Private George W. Johnson
16. Private James W. Knight
17. Private Levi P. Massey
18. Private Elvis P. Montgomery
19. Private Evans Moore
20. Private James Nunn
21. Private James O. Peterson
22. Private Lorenzo D. Rudd
23. Private Elias M. Slade
24. Private John O. Stanfield
25. Private James R. Turner
26. Private John C. Wade

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company C
1. Captain Robert Motier McIntire
2. Sergeant Rubin A. Corbett
3. Sergeant Patrick Hand – Wounded
4. Sergeant Richard Sander Love
5. Musician Gaston Calhoun McIntire
6. Private Alexander W. Bannerman
7. Private William T. Daniels
8. Private Alexander Davis
9. Private William H. Flowers – Killed
10. Private Adolphus Garrison
11. Private James Flowers Gillespies
12. Private Nathan Hall
13. Private Isaac S. Padgett
14. Private Owen R. Savage
15. Private Henry Stokes

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company D
1. Captain William Sharp
2. 1st Lieutenant Thomas Ruffin
3. Corporal Henry Dolphus Godwin
4. Private Emory A. Bridgers
5. Private James Thomas Brown
6. Private Albert Joseph Liverman
7. Private William T. Liverman
8. Private Horatio E. Morris
9. Private Edward E. Norfleet
10. Private Richard J. Terry

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company E
1. 1st Sergeant Jacob John Misenheimer
2. Sergeant Marcus L. McIntire
3. Corporal John Cauble – Wounded
4. Private Francis E. Alexander
5. Private Alison H. C. Biggers
6. Private James M. Clay
7. Private James F. Davis
8. Private John Dempster – Killed
9. Private John F. File
10. Private Green F. Flowers
11. Private Adam Monore Furr
12. Private Jacob Hagler
13. Private Henry L. Hartman
14. Private Nimrod Hartsell
15. Private Jonas L. Hoffman
16. Private James Monroe Johnson
17. Private Charles W. Thomas
18. Private John S. Turner
19. Private James B. Williamson

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company F
1. 1st Lieutenant George O. Cherry
2. 1st Sergeant James C. Freeman
3. Private Zachop Jackson Burdin

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company G
1. Sergeant Silas C. Saymour
2. Private Davis M. Cox
3. Private S. Davis
4. Private Thomas J. Grandy Jr.
5. Private Charles E. West

4th North Carolina Cavalry – Company H
1. Private Ceburn Farmer
2. Private Henry Jenkins
3. Private Willie K. Perry
4. Private Richard H. Powell
5. Private James G. Whitehead

1st Maryland Cavalry – Company B
1. Captain George Malcom Emack – Wounded, Not Captured
2. 2nd Lieutenant Adolphus Cooke
3. 3rd Sergeant William Henry Waughop Guyther – Horse Killed
4. 2nd Sergeant Willian Alexander Wilson – Horse Killed
5. Corporal James Robert Deakins – Horse Killed Paid $850
6. Private Alexander Beale
7. Private Nicholas Bowling
8. Civilian Robert Goodloe Harper Carroll
9. Private William T. Cooper
10. Private Henry Van Bibber Crawford
11. Private Peter A. Davis
12. Private Austin Miles Dyer
13. Private Charles S. Ebert
14. Private John R. H. Embert (Not captured – Horse Killed, Paid $850)
15. Private William H. Evergram
16. Private W. Fearhake
17. Private John Thomas Ferrell Jr.
18. Private Benjamin R. Ford
19. Private James P. Hamberton
20. Private John F. Hucorn
21. Private Wiford M. McLeod
22. Private Thomas Krebs Naylor – Wounded, Horse Killed, Paid $800
23. Private Thomas H. Perrie
24. Private James Henry Price
25. Private James Reed
26. Private Manuel Reed
27. Private Charles H. Stanley
28. Private James Stevens – Horse Killed
29. Private John Hanson Thomas Jr.
30. Private Alfred Clifton Tolson – Horse Killed, Paid $650
31. Private Charles E. Tolson – Horse Killed
32. Private Edward “Ned” Waring Jr.
33. Private James H. Waring – Horse Killed, Paid $700

1st Maryland Cavalry – Company C
1. Private Oscar Anderson
2. Private Richard Marion Barnes
3. Private David R. Foley
4. Private Joseph P. Glenn
5. Private John F. Holbrook – Horse Killed, Paid $2000
6. Private Richard McGraw Howard
7. Private Richard Steuart Latrobe
8. Private William Southgate Lemmon
9. Private Justine J. Shooks
10. Private Septimus Hunter Stewart
11. Private F. E. Stone
12. Private Joseph Ford Stone
13. Private Henry Wursten – Horse Killed

1st Maryland Cavalry – Company D
1. 2nd Lieutenant Milton Welsh – Horse Killed, Paid $875
2. 1st Sergeant Phineas James Davis
3. 3rd Sergeant Thomas G. Worhtington – Horse Killed
4. 2nd Corporal Edwin S. Shultz – Wounded, Captured, Horse Killed, Paid $600
5. Private Thomas Pitts Brasher – Horse Killed
6. Private Henry Hall Bromwell
7. Private Grafton Carter
8. Private Thomas W. Corcoran
9. Private A. W. Craigville
10. Private John O. Crisswell (Not Captured – Horse Killed, Paid $860)
11. Private William Franklin Dade – Horse Killed, Paid $2500
12. Private E. A. Davis
13. Private Thomas Sappington Davis – Horse Killed, Paid $3000
14. Private William G. Delashmutt
15. Private Harvey S. Ewing
16. Private William J. Ewing (Not Captured – Horse Killed, Paid $450)
17. Private Adolphus Fearhake Jr.
18. Private James W. Geasey – Horse Killed
19. Private Abraham W. Grabill Jr.
20. Private Cornelius D. Grimes – Horse Killed, Paid $400
21. Private Oliver Bryon Hammond
22. Private Nathan Lawrence Hoyle Wounded, captured saber cut left arm
23. Private Edward L. Jones – Horse Killed
24. Private Spencer Cone Jones – Horse Killed, Paid $1000
25. Private Charles W. Kemp
26. Private John D. Lickle – Horse Killed, Paid $475
27. Private Charles Thomas Myers – Escaped
28. Private John Leonard Obenderfer – Wounded
29. Private Jerome “Jerry” O’Leary
30. Private Robert E. Placid
31. Private William Henry Poole – Horse Killed
32. Private William R. Raborg
33. Private Edward B. Radcliffe – Horse Killed, Paid $900
34. Private Charles H. Raitt – Horse Killed
35. Private William S. Schultz – Horse Killed, Paid $2400
36. Private Albert Simmons – Horse Killed, Paid $2000
37. Private Dawson H. Stevenson – Horse Killed, Paid $500
38. Private Thomas H. Stevenson – Horse Killed
39. Private Samuel Albert Tyler
40. Private Hiram S. Weaver – Escaped

1st Maryland Cavalry – Company E
1. Private Charles H. H. Clarke
2. Private S. W. or L. M. Gray
3. Private James Wilcox Jenkins

5th North Carolina Cavalry
1. Lieutenant Charles L. Gibson
2. Private Green L. Bigham

Iverson’s and Daniel’s Brigade
Lt. Colonel Wharton J. Green, Staff officer of General Daniel
Captain Bond
Colonel Daniel Harvey Christie, 23rd North Carolina
Lt. Colonel Johnston
Lt. Colonel Boyd
Major Lewis
Major Hancock
Doctor Godwin

Archer’s Brigade, 1st Tennessee Infantry Company H

Private George W. Pickett

More information to come
Colonel Thomas Stephen Kenan, 43rd North Carolina Infantry
Surgeon Doctor Brewer
Captain Wheeler
Major Charles C Blacknall, 23rd North Carolina
Captain Chancellor A. Nelson
Sergeant Charles I. Johnson
Nine other from the 49th Virginia Infantry
Corporal Hall, 31st Virginia Infantry

O’Neal’s Brigade
Seven African Teamsters
Captain John White, Assistant Quarter-master 5th Alabama Infantry
Quartermaster Sergeant John Wiley, 3rd Alabama Infantry
Slave of Chief Quartermaster Major James C. Bryan – O’Neal’s Brigade

Among the unknown names are those of the freed blacks and slaves

A Historian Gone Naturalist?

I have always had a passion for history, focusing on Civil War history more so than any other aspect. All of my life from elementary school to high school, I always had the passion for history and for that matter the 1860s. Heck, my teacher even nick named me “Johnny Reb.” But I also was interested in forestry, wildlife and agriculture when I was a student in school.

For the last fourteen years, I have been to some of the coolest historical sites where Civil War history was the main theme and most prominent. From the seacoast and harbor of Charleston, South Carolina to the dense forested area of Droop Mountain, West Virginia, to the openness of cotton fields and partially wooded areas of Bentonville, North Carolina, I have always been intrigued with the natural landscape of Civil War battlefields. I always say how beautiful a landscape can be, but I never paid to much attention to the little things that a battlefield has to offer other than the history itself. Little things like a butterfly landing on a flower or seeing a deer herd without saying “man ol’man” if only it was hunting season.

The hot weather conditions of the summer months, from the heat to the severe weather, were all topics that were written about by soldiers who experienced those extreme weather patterns that we often complain about today. I love the late part of summer and the early part of fall, the feeling of a cold front moving in by the coolness within a warm breeze in September or October, the same weather condition written about by so many soldiers upon South Mountain. It is something you can relate to when you read about it.

Civil War Battlefields are filled with many things from the history of those men who fought so bravely to the wildlife such as deer herds, turkeys crossing the road to different kinds of bugs and trees. Trees, I can’t tell you how many soldiers wrote about trees. At Monterey Pass, many soldiers wrote about eating the bark from Birch trees and picking raspberries. All of which are a very important natural resource.

Since working for the Maryland Park Service, I have learned a lot about myself that I had forgotten. For example, I work with an Assistant Deer Project Manager for the Maryland Wildlife Department and he reminds me of what it means to have a healthy harvest of the deer population during hunting season. I also work with the Forestry Department, who remind me that there is a time to plant trees and a time to cut trees. Then you have the staff for the battlefield, tasked with the history of our site and it’s up to us to research and bring together the whole story from the battle to the natural resources of our park.

I have noticed that this year with my blog entries, I have been concentrating more on nature related topics and recreational resources. So in reality did I forget Mother Nature or have I gotten so used to seeing it that I have taken it for granted. Some days, when I have a light work load, I am to check shelters along the Appalachian Trail. This is where, for unknown reasons that I began to reexamine nature and what it offers, but I always manage to link it to some Civil War history that occurred in the area. With that information I am able to connect to the hikers that come through hiking the Appalachian Trail.

During my training sessions for interpretation I learned that the more you link your surroundings to your presentation, the better the education experience is for park visitors. For example, I remember during my first year of employment with the State of Maryland, I always questioned the reasons behind bird watching until one day I took a few minutes to observe. I saw many species of raptors flying in the sky. I saw my first bald eagle at Washington Monument State Park. By interpreting history and incorporating natural resources, such as bird watching to my programs, it becomes a very powerful tool, connecting history to nature and watching my park guests enjoy what I had taken for granted.

Lately, I have really enjoyed the sounds and sites that Mother Nature has to offer while spending a great deal of my time outside away from my office. Could it be that the “Spirit of the Wild” as Ted Nugent says is making its way back to me? Or is it because of the fact that I now fully understand the balance of history and the key parts that nature plays. Key landscapes and wildlife that Civil War soldiers wrote about are in some cases the same as I see today.

Interpreting our Civil War battlefield is fun. During the Battle of Fox’s Gap General Ripley’s Confederate Brigade never pulled the trigger of their rifles because of the thick mountain laurel that was in abundance. This heavy growth of laurel made their advance difficult and essentially stopped their line of march. I often show that mountain laurel to people as a visual aide to help them understand what these soldiers went through while fighting on top of the mountain. Without me even knowing it, I have, for the most part been connecting history to nature and the recreational resources our Maryland State Battlefield has to offer.

The nature lover and the history buff are two very different people. It is sometimes a difficult task for me to connect those two individuals, to help them to identify, and to assist them in experiencing the full potential that my park has to offer, but to leave them with the understanding how important the both aspects are, is a clear indication that I have done my job. For the past few years, I have been wearing the shoes of the visitors to my park without even noticing it. Those individuals that I had come in contact with have left with a better understanding of how nature and history come together and how both are connected. For example, I created a program about the Appalachian Trail, linking the best recreational day use activity our park has to offer and the natural beauty that it covers to the Civil War history that lies forgotten on South Mountain.

To the history buff, when you see a butterfly do you think “oh, how pretty,” and do you stand there and watch it as it flies away? To the hiker or naturalist who witnesses a beautiful vista upon South Mountain do you realize that it could have been used as a Civil War observation post? When I tie in the historical aspect with the nature and wildlife of our park, people really do get to experience the full spectrum of what our park has to offer. The thing I love most about this is that I get a chance to experience this everyday and I know that when I place that Ranger hat upon my head, I feel a sense of pride that I can not explain and at the end of every shift, the rewards are the satisfaction knowing that I did my job and the faces of those who came, left with a new sense of how history and nature really do come together. So, take my advice and take a moment to look around, you’ll be surprised at what you might find.