This portion of the Appalachian Trail was known as the Wood Road during the Battle of South Mountain.
Bondurant’s Battery was posted on the crest of Wise’s North Field directly in the center of the photograph. Their battery consisted of four 12-pound Light Field Gun Howitzers better known as the Napolean.
General Drayton deployed his brigade in the this field which was known as Wise’s North Field. This photograph shows the position of the 50th and 51st Georgia Infantry Regiments.
The angle in Wise’s North Field is where Philip’s Georgia Legion was deployed.
The 3rd South Carolina Battalion was positioned to the left in this photograph while the 15th South Carolina Infantry was positioned on the right. Reno Monument is in the center of the photograph.
After Drayton realizes that he had a gap between his brigade and Anderson’s Brigade, Drayton orders the 15th South Carolina, the 3rd South Carolina Battalion as well as Philip’s Georgia Legion into the Old Sharpsburg Road. The right flank of the 15th South Carolina Infantry extended past this curve in the road. Once these three infantry units started to advance toward the south, the 50th and 51st Georgia Infantry were ordered into the this road.
Behind Reno Monument was a clear cut field known as Wise’s South Field. Philip’s Georgia Legion marched directly south in this field before turning their attention due east to Colonel Thomas Welsh’s advancing brigade.
Although these apple trees are not dated to the Civil War, the Wise orchard and the area surrounding Wise’s cabin proved to be difficult to for troops to maneuver due to the landscape as well as the stone walls and wooden fences. The left flank of the 15th South Carolina was positioned here and anchored to the right of the 3rd South Carolina.
A stone wall was located here in Wise’s orchard. The 15th South Carolina defended this wall during the afternoon Battle of Fox’s Gap.
As the 15th South Carolina was pinned down inside of the orchard, the 3rd South Carolina turned and found itself fighting a fierce battle. The 3rd South Carolina took refuge behind a stone wall with their backs toward the 15th South Carolina. Ordered not to retreat any further, the 3rd South Carolina took refuge in the road bed of Ridge Road. Parts of Ridge Road can still be seen today along Lambs Knoll Road.
Remains to one of the stone walls along Ridge Road.
This is Old Sharpsburg Road. It was in this area where the 50th and 51st Georgia Infantry became trapped and gunned down by Union soldiers of Welsh’s and Christ’s Brigades. The bodies of Confederate soldiers piled up in this road and many soldiers were forced to run a gauntlet to secure their safety.
As the Georgia soldiers began to run, the 3rd South Carolina as well as Philip’s Legion were being pushed back to this intersection, making it very difficult to retreat when soldiers from every direction were getting caught up and exiting at the same time.